antigenic variation

Poliovirus escapes antibodies

Antigenic variation is a hallmark of influenza virus that allows the virus to evade host defenses. Consequently influenza vaccines need to be reformulated frequently to keep up with changing viruses. In contrast, antigenic variation is not a hallmark of poliovirus – the same poliovirus vaccines have been used for nearly 60 years to control infections by …

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Antigenic variation explains recurring acute infections

The rapid clearance of acute viral infections is a consequence of robust host defenses. Survivors of acute infections are usually immune to infection with the same virus. If the immune response is so effective, why do some viral infections – such as the common cold or influenza – occur repeatedly? Acute infections recur because selection …

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